The Dead Sea Region as a Health Resort
the Dead-Sea this sea and the whole region on
its shore is very much alive. The Dead Sea lies some 400
m below sea level at the lowest point on the earths
surface, and is part of the Syrian Africa Rift Valley,
flanked by the Judean Mountains to the west and the Moab
Mountains to the east.
Many fascinating figures from the pages of history have been attracted to this regionThrough the ages, desert dwellers and nomad sought refuge here in caves, . monasteries and palaces. Lot's wife, who was turned into a pillar of salt. Jesus was baptized here. The secretive Essene sect left us the Dead Sea Scrolls near here. Herod built his mountain fortress at Masada. Canaanite Kings. Prophets of the old Testament, the new Testament and the Koran. Cleopatra, who came here to enjoy the beauty-enhancing properties of the natural springs.
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It was in this natural and spiritual ambience that our cultural history had its genesis.
The Dead Sea is one of the most saline lakes in the world. It is fed mainly by the River Jordan in the north and by perennial springs and streams from the east and west.
Having no outlet, the Dead Sea
is a terminal lake which loses huge amounts
of water by evaporation into the hot dry air.
This results in high concentrations of salts and minerals in a unique composition that is particularly rich in chloride salts of magnesium, sodium, potassium, and various other.
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main climatic features and factors at the Dead Sea -
Year round sunny skies.
The composition, intensity and stability of solar radiation at the Dead Sea combine to create ideal conditions for heliotherapy.
Low relative humidity, high temperatures and low rainfall
The low relative humidity, high air
temperatures and low rainfall are important
biometrological factors. The climate of the Dead Sea is
dry and hot during the summer months. In the winter
months, maximum air temperatures reach 20c-32c and
minimum temperatures do not usually drop below 10c.
Average annual rainfall is about 50
mm, with clear, sunny skies for about 330 days a year.
The Dead Sea - Climatic Factors (measured at Sodom)
High barometric pressure
Located 400 m below sea level, the Dead Sea has the worlds highest recorded barometric pressure (800 mm Hg). The oxygen-rich air along the Dead Sea contains 6-8% more molecules per cubic meter compared to sea level. As shown by Kramer et al, these are beneficial conditions for patients with end lung disease.
Barometric Pressure (mbar)- Israel Standard Time
Pollen free and bromine rich atmosphere
Another important factor at the
Dead Sea is the pollen-free atmosphere. The air along the
shores of the Dead Sea contains high concentration of
bromine (20 times higher than in Jerusalem, for example).
Bromine has a recognized tranquilizing effect, and is
therefore regarded as beneficial in reducing nervous
water of the Dead Sea
As stated earlier, the Dead Sea is a
terminal lake which receives its inflow from the Jordan
River in the north. This has produced one of the saltiest
lakes in the world with an average salinity of 345g. of
salt per liter of water, compared with the ocean 35g. per
|The brine of the Dead Sea contains a unique array of salts, enriched with Magnesium, Potassium, Calcium, Chloride, Sodium and Bromide.|
of Major Elements in the Dead Sea ,
(the Mediterranean sea and Typical ocean Water)
*Measurment are in mg/l
Dead Sea Mineral Mud
Dead Sea mud is actually sediment of the
sea. Also called pelloid, mineral-rich mud has proved
highly beneficial for therapeutic as well as cosmetic
Patients at the Dead Sea find themselves in an environment which helps to promote relaxation and reduce the stress which is often to the onset aggravation of disease. patients are encouraged by the large number of fellow sufferers, and much of the social strain alleviated by normalization patients social life.